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The story of Haralambie

Prezented by Andreea Scripcă, Miruna Grigore and Ancuța Dumitriu

Technical College ,,Mihai Băcescu,, Fălticeni

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Childhood Memories

Ion Creangă, a Romanian writer (1837-1889), well known for the mastery of his fairy tales and stories, as well as for his autobiographical work “Childhood Memories.

He was born in a village in Neamt county, and according to the wish of his mother, who wanted to make him a priest, he enrolled at the Catechetical School in Fălticeni.

Here he appears under the name of Ion Creanga, a name that he has preserved for the rest of his life. After the dissolution of the school in Fălticeni, he was forced to go to Iaşi, graduating from the lower course of the Theological Seminary “Veniamin Costachi” from Socola.

Childhood Memories is one of Ion Creanga’s main works. The book provides a detailed narration of Ion Creanga’s childhood, spent in what was then the Principality of Moldavia. It includes details of the place where he has grown up and it describes the relationship between the main character, Nica, and the people he interacts with.

The author starts by describing the settlement of his native village, “Humulesti” during his childhood. In the village there were hardworking people, boys and girls who knew how to work but also to have fun and also priests who honored the village. Priest John sets up a school and he convinces the parents from the village to send their children to school. The first schoolgirl is Smarandita, the priest’s daughter, a child who was very clever and very good at school but who was also very naughty. In order to force the children to learn, the priest brought at school a special seat “Balan Horse” and a whip called “St. Nicholas” made by the village furrier, the oldman Fotea, with which the children were punished.

Ion Creanga is a very important personality for our country. I think every child should read one of his stories because they are very funny and can make you smile very easily.

ANTONIA-ENGL

Presented by the students,

Antonia Parasca and Fântânaru Ana Amaila

Technical College ,,Mihai Băcescu,, Romania

 

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THE BALLAD MIORIȚA

The ballad “Miorita” is the masterpiece of the Romanian literary folklore, considered one of the Romanian fundamental myths. “Miorita” is part of the cycle of the oldest popular Romanian productions, named by the specialists the “pastoral repertoire”. Its genesis is lost in the darkness of time, and it is the result of the oral transmission process of combining different themes and folklore motifs.

The folk ballad puts in the lyrics, the story of three shepherds descending with their sheep from the mountains. One was Moldavian, from Moldavia, one was Hungarian, from Ardeal, another one from Vrancea (different regions of Romania). The Moldavian had more sheep, better horses and hardworking dogs. The other two shepherds spoke between them to kill him. A white wool sheep (Miorita), had been crying for three days, because she had heard the conversation between the two shepherds. Her master, the Moldavian shepherd, asked her if she was sick or if she did not like the grass anymore. The sheep told him to take the flock elsewhere to take with him one of the most faithful and strongest dogs because the other two shepherds wanted to kill him at sunset. The Moldavian shepherd was not afraid of death. He told her that if he died, to tell the two to bury him near the sheepfold, to put at his tomb a beech whistle, a bone whistle and an elderflower whistle. When the wind blows, the whistles will sing, and the sheep gather to weep. The Moldavian also asked “Miorita” not to tell the other sheep that he had been killed, but that he had married a proud bride and at his wedding a star fell, the godparents were the Sun and the Moon, and the wedding guests were fir trees and the sycamores. The priests were the mountains, the worshipers – the birds, the torches were the stars. And if his old mother would look for him, to tell her that her boy married, “with an emperor’s daughter in the mouth of heaven”.

The Moldavian shepherd becomes a real hero who embodies the good until the last verse of the ballad.

Thus, the anonymous poet who has described the feeling of profound love for life, his attachment to his oozing and the idea that man accepts death as a natural end of life, expresses an ancient philosophical conception, becoming a philosophical poem.Miorita

Presented by the students,

Lidia Toma and Maria Burcă

Technical College ,,Mihai Băcescu,, Fălticeni, Romania

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Romanian folks and poems A song about Bucovina

Bucovina or “The country of the beeches” is a wonderful land described in a lot of works and glorified in a lot of songs and ballads. The land of Bucovina was part of Moldavia. In 1774, 10.442 square kilometers from the northern-west side of Moldavia were annexed to the Habsburg Empire thus, the land which was populated by Romanians went under a foreign leadership, until 1918 when they reunited with Romania, because in 1940, the northern half of Bucovina will be given to the URSS. Today the northern land of Bucovina is in the custody of Ukraine.

The freedom desire of the Romanian people was reflected in a lot of traditional songs. This is how the song “Canta cucu bata-l vina” was born, written in 1904 by Constantin Mandicevschi, a teacher from Suceava, with the occasion of the commemoration of “400 years since the death of Stephen the Great”, ruler of Moldavia. The lyrics and the music wanted to give birth again to a spirit of a broken land, ripped in pieces.

These are the great lyrics, which will be sung by Alexandra ( you ken see in Facebook page) :

https://m.facebook.com/story.php?story_fbid=2036201276654232&id=100007931380424

The words are about:

The cuckoo is singing

And its singing is heard all over Bucovina

The cuckoo is singing in a fir tree

And its singing is also heard in Cernauti

Bucovina, field with flowers

Where are your sons?

They were taken to another country

But they will come back when spring comes

And when they return

They will still love you

Mountains, don’t let your guards die (its guarding represents the hope that the native land will come back to Romania)

Because if you lose your guarding

Our country is also lost (there will be no hope that our country will be free)

 

 

Made by the students,

Alexandra Holotă and Andrei Natu

Romania

Posted in Animals in Legends

The legend of the bat

A Romanian legend says that a young king named Bat, went once to discover the country. So, he came to a village where a witch lived. Villagers advised the King not to enter into the cave of that witch, but he did not listen them and went there. Seeing the king, the witch turned him into a mouse and gave him to her cat. Then it began a mad rush until the king-mouse managed to enter in a church and steeple there, avoiding the witch’s cat. Continue reading “The legend of the bat”